MARINE PROTECTION

The wealth and quality of our coastline is one of Mallorca’s greatest environmental assets, which is why protecting our waters is essential for us.

The main element behind the excellent quality of the waters that bathe the Balearic Islands is the Posidonia oceanica, a seagrass species that is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. Its presence is crucial to our ecosystems for a number of reasons. The Posidonia meadows play a major role in sedimentary dynamics, they are important oxygen production and carbon sink areas, and they are a place where many species reproduce and seek refuge. They also work as large filtration devices to help clean and maintain the transparency of the seawater. For all of these reasons, the Posidonia meadows are considered to be the most important habitat of the Mediterranean Sea as well as the climax community that stands out the most in the Balearic Islands.

Along with the Posidonia, it is extremely important to protect all the biodiversity of the Balearic Sea. As a result, our long-term goal is to create a network of well-managed protected marine areas around the island in order to support artisanal fishing, reduce contamination, and protect habitats and species.

POSIDONIA

PROTECTED MARINE AREAS

WATER CONTAMINATION

MARINE PROTECTION

LANDSCAPE AND PRODUCTION
OF LOCAL FOOD

Along with the cliffs and oak groves that make up the Serra de Tramuntana mountain range, our landscape has been primarily shaped by humans through agriculture: dry stone structures (the jewel of our cultural heritage and one of the Serra’s top assets), almond trees, vineyards, olive groves, orange trees in the Sóller Valley, and grain fields throughout the island help compose a stunning landscape. All of these elements originate in our agriculture, so protecting our landscape also involves preserving our agriculture, which needs local support to ensure its survival and also represents a value of sustainability in and of itself.

CULTURAL HERITAGE

FOREST HERITAGE

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

LAND STEWARDSHIP

LANDSCAPE AND PRODUCTION
OF LOCAL FOOD

BIODIVERSITY

The potential loss of our biodiversity is one of the greatest challenges we face. The Balearic Islands are home to more than 300 endemic species and many are in extreme danger of extinction. If these species disappear from the Balearic Islands, they will also disappear from the world as a whole. Knowledge of these populations and their weaknesses will make it possible to implement the necessary measures for their protection. The most important step for the conservation of the species in this region is to protect their habitat.

SPECIES

HABITATS

BIODIVERSITY

SUSTAINABILITY

Waste production, energy sources and contamination are the biggest environmental problems faced by the world this century. The growth that Mallorca has experienced in the last 50 years has been decisive in consolidating the problem. For example, waste production has increased by 83.14% between 1998 and 2000.

In terms of energy, the Balearic Islands are strongly dependent. In 2012, 46% of demand was linked to carbon and the electrical energy produced by renewable energy sources only represented 2.3% of the total.

WASTE MANAGEMENT

ENERGY AND TRANSPORT

SUSTAINABILITY

COMMUNICATION

PUBLIC AWARENESS AND EDUCATION

Getting people involved is the basis for achieving change, which means that communication initiatives are essential for reaching this long-term goal. Given its importance, raising awareness through education is fundamental for improving the environmental commitment of society and of future generations.

Creating environmental awareness is key in undertaking the future environmental challenges that our planet will undoubtedly have to face.

COMMUNICATION

PUBLIC AWARENESS AND EDUCATION