Polymers have been used in agriculture and horticulture since the middle of the last century, and the use of plastic in agriculture has enable farmers to increase their crop production. Although plastic mulch can be very useful to suppress the weeds and conserve the water in crop production and landscaping, one major drawback of most polymers used in agriculture is the problem with their disposal. Non-degradable polymers, being resistive to degradation (depending on the polymer, additives, conditions etc) tend to accumulate as plastic waste, creating a serious problem of plastic waste management. In cases, such plastic waste ends-up in landfills or is buried in soil. This raises questions about the possible effects on the environment.
With the aim of reducing the use of plastic in agriculture by replacing the PE mulching plastic for potato starch based bioplastic, the Mallorca Preservation Fund has supported APAEMA to arrange the joint purchase of bioplastic for mulching.